4 Eylül 2017 Pazartesi

Walnut Industry Analysis

Walnut from Anatolia; Italy, France, Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom, spread over time to the United States and the whole world. Walnut is the core fruit of Central Asia. Today it is grown in different geographies. The countries that produce the most walnuts are China, Iran, USA and Albania.
Walnut has undergone a natural selection chain with thousands of years of history and has been reproduced with seeds until the 1900s. Due to this process, different types of walnut are found in different geographical regions. In today's modern farming countries, genetically superior species are selected and reproduced in Closed Walnut Gardens.
Walnut tree farming is the most suitable place to choose, the cold winters in the summers are not very hot climate regions. The wind is clear and cool areas are ideal for walnut farming. The plant can live 600 years when the appropriate conditions are met.
Walnut is one of the most sensitive fruit species in the cold, just before bud burst. In order to avoid this risk, gardening should be avoided in places where there is freezing. Again, walnut gardens will be installed in the air should be air flow so that the accumulation of cold air should be avoided.
In addition, groundwater level and density are also important. In basins with closed basin, basin water is generally high and this is another situation that negatively affects walnut growing. Bottled water should be removed by drainage in these places.
Walnut can be easily grown in the alluvial soils, where mountain slopes are transported to stream valleys. In addition, walnut roots develop very easily in soil with depth of 3-3.5 m. Walnut is a fruit that needs a lot of water with its wide leaves and deep roots. It is important that the water is not too salty in the water. Because salt walnut growth is adversely affected. Fertilization affects the fertility of the walnut tree. In every 3-4 years, 1 burnt farm grape should feed the soil with the compound fertilizers.
The walnut harvest should be done with shaking and the poles should not be used. Walnut in Turkey In the beginning of September in the coastline; whereas in the inner regions it matures after 4 weeks.
Fruit Yield of Walnut Trees:
5 years old 3-5 kg, turn 30-50 kg.
10 years old 10-15 kg, turning 100-150kg.
15 years old 40-50 kg, turning 400-500kg.
20 years old, 100-150 kg, turnover 1000-1500kg products are taken.
To store walnuts, moisture content should be reduced below 6.0%. The cold chain can be transported to distances without need. This fruit can be stored indefinitely for 18-20 months even in ordinary storage. This makes the manufacturer strong in the market during sales. The manufacturer can wait for the product to be removed at the most appropriate time without the obligation to remove it immediately.
Consumption of walnuts, which is a very important fruit in terms of health and nutrition, is increasing all over the world. Walnut; It is rich in minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, iron, sodium and potassium. A, B1, B2, B6 and C vitamins containing 100 grams of energy 700 calories are provided.

The five countries that produce the most walnuts; China, Iran, USA, Turkey, Mexico
This fruit, which is the homeland of Iran and Central Asia, is planted in a wide geographical area in the world. Every year production is increasing regularly. The main producers of walnut in the world are China, USA, Iran, Albania and Turkey. The first country in world production is China.
According to data from the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) in 2014, the average number of walnut trees in our country is 12 million tons. While the number of trees giving fruit is around 7 million, the average yield per tree is 26 kg. . The most profitable walnut tree is in Ardahan. Manisa is the most striking city, and the area of ​​bulk fruit is 693 thousand decares.
If we go back to China; This country which is always ahead in the production of walnuts in the world does not only determine the consumption of people's walnut health. Walnut is a deep culture for China. It's about 2,000 years ago. "Walnut therapy" called "walnut turning" achieved its peak for 500 years until the end of the Ming Dynasty. As the two walnuts are rolled, the shell color becomes darker and brighter. The brighter the walnut is, the more it is valued and the price is offered for sale at the value measured in thousand dollars. However, it is believed that this action, which is found to accelerate blood circulation, expels evil spirits. Walnut therapy like tradition of attracting rosaries in Turkish culture ...
Walnut production in China is high and walnut is imported from abroad to meet the consumption. Australia's largest producer of walnuts is extremely pleased with sales made to Webster China.
"According to data from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), in the period 1995-2012, the production of crustacean walnuts rose 3.2 times to 3.41 million tons from 1.06 million tons. Production area of ​​walnut growing in the world increased by 89.2 percent in this period, from 526 thousand hectares to 995 thousand hectares.
China alone meets half of the walnut production. China, which is the first in production, has 425,000 hectares and 1.7 million hectares
walnut için tanımlar
the large wrinkled edible seed of a deciduous tree, consisting of two halves contained within a hard shell that is enclosed in a green fruit.
Roasted pecans, walnuts , or pumpkin seeds are a nice addition.
the tall tree that produces the walnut, with compound leaves and valuable ornamental timber that is used chiefly in cabinetmaking and gunstocks.
If you pick a walnut from a walnut tree and find it extremely difficult to crack, it shouldn't come as any surprise, as walnuts are literally one of the toughest nuts to crack.

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